Illustrated Glossary


Antimicrobial properties

Antimicrobial properties in upholsteries prevent the spread of germs and diseases in healthcare environments. These textiles have been treated with antimicrobial agents to provide lasting protection. 

Antimicrobial Solution

MicrobeCare™ is an antimicrobial treatment that minimizes the spread of bacteria, fungi, algae, and yeast on a wide variety of Nemschoff products. It kills 99.99% of microbes and prevents microbe mutation. MicrobeCare is safe and has recorded proven results in highly sensitive healthcare environments. 


Assembly is required on some Nemschoff products upon delivery.

  • Tables 36” or larger ship with legs unattached to bases.
  • Overbed Table (FX26) ships with the base, column, and top unattached.
  • Orders for Steps Lounge with a configuration of three or more units ship unattached and must be ganged in the field.
  • Spanner tables, end tables, and corner tables that are attached to multiple and tandem seating ship unattached.
  • Preconfigured units for Terra Casegoods for Treatment Areas ship as separate units that are connected in the field.
  • All Terra Casegoods ship optional powder-coated legs inside the units, requiring field installation. Exceptions are benches and desks. The three-drawer bedside cabinet legs will ship in a separate package.
  • The privacy screen in Terra Casegoods for Treatment Areas requires a finished panel to be assembled in the field.
  • Most drawer and door hardware ships inside the casegood units for protection during shipment.
  • Some casegoods in the Prague II, Prísto, and Ten collections have casters with stem mounts. Casters are shipped unattached and bagged in the top drawer of casegoods. They ship with temporary glides that need to be removed during installation.


Back flex

Back flex is a comfort feature of Centé patient chairs. This feature is made possible by a soft flex motion in the back of the patient chair.



Casters are wheels attached to the legs or bases of select seating, tables, and casegoods to provide a greater range of use and mobility, including ease of movement to facilitate cleaning. Nemschoff offers four general types of standard casters including models with brakes to keep furniture in place. Variations of these types include swivel (allows furniture to move freely in any direction) and tilt-and-roll casters (enables stationary chairs to be tilted and rolled for straight-line travel). Note: Standard caster type will be indicated for each product (see product page for details).

Central Brake and Steer

Central Brake and Steer (CBS) is an optional caster/wheel system used to control a chair’s mobility with a simple three- position foot pedal with red and green pedal position indicators. When the red pedal indicator is depressed, the wheels are locked to keep the chair fixed in place. When the green pedal indicator is depressed, the swivel function is locked so the chair can be pushed forward in a straight line. When the pedal is parallel to the floor, all four wheels are free to roll and swivel, letting the chair move forward, backward, and side to side.

Clean-Out and Wipe-Out

Clean-Out and Wipe-Out designs allow for thorough, efficient cleaning of many Nemschoff seating products. A clean-out is a non- visible gap between the seat and back of a chair where crumbs and debris can be pushed through by a tool or a hand. A wipe-out is a larger, visible horizontal gap where materials can pass through easily.


Configuration must be specified for modular lounge seating systemslike Steps. To make a configuration plan:

  • Select seats, tables, and accessory units.
  • Determine placement for tables or accessories. List seats, tables, accessory units, and required ganging in the order they will appear, from left to right. Ganging is determined when facing the unit. Designate either right-side facing (RSF) or left-side facing (LSF).
  • Follow the online quoting system to determine if male or female connections are needed with each item. 

Corner blocks

Corner blocks are a quality construction feature of Nemschoff seating. Most Nemschoff chair seats are constructed with full-surface, wood corner blocks that are glued, stapled, and screwed to major joints of the seat frame. This method reinforces the overall assembly, creating a stable seat that will not wiggle or squeak. 


Drawer liners

Drawer liners are available for many casegoods with wooden drawer pans. These plastic liners provide a protective barrier to extend the longevity of the product. Standard liners can be lifted out of the drawer for easy cleaning, and are designed with radiused corners so all debris can be completely removed. The liners can also be used to move patients’ belongings. Drawer liners in Behavioral Health casegoods are non-removable and tamper-resistant. 

Dry construction

Dry construction (see Replaceable components


Durawrap is a thermally fused laminate. It covers the primary face and edges of furniture in one continuous sheet, creating a unique wrap-around grain design. It is used primarily on doors, tops, drawer fronts, and base rails to seal the face and edge without a visible seam, a process which prevents moisture from getting into the core material. 


Glider locking mechanisms

Glider locking mechanisms are controlled through optional active and passive locks. Active locks are manually activated by an outside lever, letting users choose when to engage or disengage them. Passive locks automatically disengage when someone sits in the chair, enabling the gliding motion. Passive locks automatically engage when the user exits the chair. 


Glides are small plastic or rubber pads that are fastened to the bottoms of legs of chairs, tables, and casegoods. With proper maintenance, they act as a barrier between the furniture and the floor. Glides must be cleaned regularly to prevent the accumulation of debris, which may have an adverse effect on floor surfaces. Some glides are adjustable to facilitate leveling. 



Handedness designation is an important consideration when purchasing seating and casegoods products with table, desk, or
side attachments. We recommend accommodating both left-handed and right-handed users when creating your order. Handedness is determined when facing the product. When purchasing products with attachments, please specify left-side facing (LSF) attachments or right- side facing (RSF) attachments. 


Lay flat position

Lay flat position allows the back and footrest of a recliner to align in a completely horizontal position. This position creates a surface suitable for sleeping, perhaps as an alternative to a cot or traditional sleep chair. (See also Recline mechanisms) 

Left-side facing

Left-side facing (LSF) is a term used to describe the location of a feature on a Nemschoff product. If a feature is LSF, the feature will be on the left side when facing the product. (See also Right-side facing (RSF) and Handedness) 


Leveling is an important step to take during product installation to ensure that mechanical parts (like drawer guides and hinges) run true and that gaps between doors and drawer fronts are consistent. Any product larger than a chest (like wardrobes and armoires) will need to be leveled with the product’s adjustable leveling glides. If a product has feet, the leveling glides will be in the foot. If a product has a plinth-style base or side panels that go to the floor, the leveling glides will be in the corner brackets that touch the floor. 


Locks of several types are featured in Nemschoff casegoods. Some drawers have cam-style locks that are operated by inserting a key and turning. This type of lock provides security for belongings in bedside cabinets and drawers. Double-door armoires and similar cabinets have hooked elbow locks that secure doors to the armoire from the inside. This type of latch prevents doors from unintentionally opening and closing. 


Moisture barrier

Moisture barrier is an optional impermeable layer of material beneath seating upholstery that is designed to prevent moisture from seeping into filling materials. It provides an invisible layer of protection that helps furniture last longer without detracting from appearances. 

Mortise and tenon joinery

Mortise and tenon joinery is a high-quality, reinforcing wood construction used in many Nemschoff products. A mortise and
tenon joint is made by inserting a tenon (a projection at the end of a wooden component) into a mortise (a recess cut into another wooden component). Mortise and tenon joints fit tightly together like puzzle pieces and are glued for added strength. This type of joinery is stronger than glue, nails, or screws alone. It can withstand continual usage in a healthcare environment, providing exceptional durability. 


Mounting options used for Behavioral Health furniture are available for applications where patients’ access to loose furniture may present a danger to the staff or themselves. The wall-mount option anchors casegoods directly to a wall through the back panel of the casegoods unit. This option usually includes a concealed rail that can also be mounted to the floor to minimize side-to-side movement of the wall- mounted unit. The floor-mount option anchors platform beds and some seating to the floor. The wall-and floor-mount option anchors desks to both the floor and a wall. The floor-free-mount option supports elevated casegoods at the bottom and anchors the back of the cabinet to a wall. 

Multiple fabrics

Multiple fabrics can be selected for application on a single product. Choosing multiple fabrics allows for high-performance fabrics to be used in the specific areas where they’re most needed. For example, easy-to-clean, abrasion-resistant polyurethane can be used on the seat and headrest, combined with a softer woven fabric for the back where wear is less of an issue.
Choosing multiple fabrics also offers aesthetic flexibility. For example, you can create design continuity among multiple pieces by combining colors and patterns to help coordinate them. Visit to download multiple fabric illustrations that will guide you through the specification process, or work with your customer care specialist. Multiple fabric illustrations must be supplied when an order is placed.


Nemschoff Healthcare Wood Finish

Nemschoff Healthcare Wood Finish is a proprietary polyurethane- based formula created to address the heavy use and frequent cleaning required in the healthcare market. It is designed to be smooth, durable, scratch-resistant, and non-yellowing. It has been successfully tested against 85 hospital-grade cleaning substances including 100-percent bleach or ammonia for 16 hours. This finish protects our products from cracks caused by temperature and moisture changes, and scratches caused by heavy use, providing substantial infection control by properly sealing the wood. This special formulation is also GREENGUARD Gold certified.


Plus Seating

Plus Seating is designed for people of larger statures. Nemschoff’s plus seating is spacious and rated to support static load maximums of either 700 or 1,000 pounds, while retaining the comfort and style of standard Nemschoff models. Most plus models are available in 30” or 40” seat widths. 


Recline mechanisms

Recline mechanisms help users achieve comfortable seating positions. Nemschoff offers a variety of recline mechanisms that operate in unique ways to address a range of patient and caregiver needs.

  • The three-position mechanism offers upright, TV, and reclined positions. It operates by a user positioning his or her weight back into the chair while pushing on the arms, causing the back to recline while the footrest extends in one continuous motion. Because movement is controlled solely by the user of the chair, he or she must have the strength to activate it.
  • The independent foot and back mechanism is the most common type of recline mechanism offered in Nemschoff products. It features a back and footrest that operate separately. The back is controlled by a release button, allowing it to move freely. A lever located on the outside arm controls the footrest. This mechanism allows for multiple postures, is the easiest to operate, and helps caregivers and guests assist a patient with chair operation.
  • The Prísto II Plus mechanism operates with independent back and footrest positions optimized for people of larger statures. The chair has a more limited back recline (120 degrees), easing the transition between the reclined and upright positions. The footrest includes three positions designed to prevent the knees of patients from being overextended.
  • The Wallsaver recline mechanism allows a transition from an upright to fully reclined position with a minimal footprint— permitting placement as close as 4 to 6 inches from a wall (depending on model). The activation of the footrest and initial recline occur when the user pulls on a lever on the side of the chair or a loop on the inside of the arm (depending on model). Full recline occurs when the user positions his or her body weight back into the chair while pushing on the arms. To transition from a recline position to an upright position, the user moves forward in the chair, pulls forward with the arms, and then closes the footrest with the back of his or her lower legs. Because the movement is controlled primarily by the user, he or she must have the strength to operate it.
  • The Adjustable Back Chair (ABC) mechanism offers a slight back recline, providing an extra level of comfort when compared to a stationary Patient Chair. Movement is controlled by a locking gas spring. When activated, the back reclines smoothly into any position within a 112 degree range, making it practical for areas where a traditional recliner’s footprint might be too big.

Removable covers

Removable covers (noted as (P) models) have seat and/or back covers that can be replaced easily on-site. The upholstery is attached with industrial-strength hook and loop fasteners that prevent the covers from slipping. (See also Standard (S) models.) 

Replaceable components

Replaceable components are a feature of many Nemschoff products. Replaceable components are able to be removed and replaced in the field, extending the useful lifetime of Nemschoff furniture and increasing ROI. Many Nemschoff casegoods are built with dry construction, a technique that uses a series of mechanical fasteners that lock together instead of glue or screws. This allows damaged components be easily replaced in the field, extending the lifetime of products.

Replaceable components use dry construction techniques.

Right-side facing

Right-side facing (RSF) is a term used to describe the location of a feature on a Nemschoff product. If a feature is RSF, the feature will be on the right side when facing the product. (See also Left-side facing (LSF) and Handedness.) 


Soft-closing drawers

Soft-closing drawers have special track systems that prevent drawers from creating unwanted noise when closing. The track system contains a mechanism that activates as the drawer is closing, automatically guiding the drawer to the closed position while cushioning the closing force. This is a helpful feature in any setting where slamming sounds could be disruptive. 

Solid wood panels

Solid wood panels Cross-oriented layers of solid wood panels provide strength and stiffness in both directions, creating a very stable panel that is stronger and more stable than solid wood alone and ideal for high use or behavioral health applications. 

Spring seat construction

Spring seat construction was designed with an intense, 24/7 healthcare environment in mind. It has a unique, quiet suspension system that consists of a variety of materials designed to equalize overall support, enhancing the product comfort and durability. The springs create a very smooth ride to the seat while creating an arched design that keeps the seat taut and prevents upholstery from sagging. 

Stacking chairs

Stacking chairs are designed to be stored nested in a stable stack. They can be stacked to maximize storage space. 


Standard (S) models have non-removable seat and back covers. If a chair is a standard model, it requires a professional upholsterer to reupholster it. (See also Removable covers.) 


Tamper-resistant hardware

Tamper-resistant hardware is used in most Nemschoff furniture. Screws and dry construction fittings use fasteners that cannot be loosened or removed with standard flat or Phillips screwdrivers. These specialty fasteners provide added security by minimizing tampering with furniture in the field. 


Thermoplastic (ABS), otherwise known as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, is a common thermoplastic known for its resilient, impervious nature and high impact resistance. It is lightweight and resistant to extreme temperatures. 



Wallsaver is a feature designed to protect both furniture and walls from wear and tear. This feature may include a bead welt material that is sewn into the seam along the back perimeter of a chair or a sloped design of the rear legs that prevents a chair body from coming in contact with a wall. Nemschoff offers wallsaver features as standard on many seating products. (See also Wallsaver recline mechanism under Recline mechanisms.)